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No Reparations for St. Louis Man Wrongfully Imprisoned for Three Decades

Lamar Johnson in court.
Lamar Johnson, center looks toward friends and family members as his attorneys celebrate on Tuesday, Feb. 14, 2023, after St. Louis Circuit Judge David Mason vacated his murder conviction during a hearing in St. Louis, Mo. Johnson served nearly 28 years of a life sentence for a killing that he has always said he didn’t commit.

In October 1994, Johnson was convicted in the murder of Marcus Boyd, a man shot to death by two masked men, per AP’s report. A key witness, James Elking, said he was initially coerced by investigators to place Johnson at the scene of the crime, but later recanted his statement. The two suspects, James Howard and Phil Campbell, sent affidavits—while in prison for other offenses— confessing to the murder years later. Johnson also had an alibi: his girlfriend, who testified he wasn’t at the scene of the crime.

The conflicting credibility of the statements made it doubtful that Johnson pulled the trigger. In 2019, St. Louis Circuit Attorney Kimberly Gardner sought a new hearing based on the new evidence, but the state Supreme Court ruled she “lacked authority” to seek a new trial.

Her efforts resulted in a 2021 law allowing prosecutors to examine wrongful convictions upon new evidence, per St. Louis Public Radio. Johnson’s case was given another chance.

However, Missouri still lacked legislation to give financial compensation to exonerated individuals. Why? Something as simple as the absence of DNA testing.

Many states offer compensation for people whose criminal convictions are vacated. In Missouri, it’s very limited and Lamar Johnson will not qualify because the case did not hinge on DNA.

“In Missouri, that ability is really just non-existent. So, Missouri does not provide compensation for individuals who are wrongfully convicted unless they’re exonerated through a very specific procedure in which that person is requesting DNA testing and that DNA testing leads to evidence that proves their innocence,” explained Tricia Rojo Bushnell with the Midwest Innocence Project.